Have you ever wondered how servers function and why they’re so important? Maybe you still haven’t quite worked out what a server is. The beginner’s guide below will give you all the basic information you’ll need to know.
On the Most Basic Level, Servers Deal with Requests
So, how does a server function? To put it in a way that’s simple to understand, they deal with requests. These requests come from devices like your computer. When a request is registered, the server will respond by presenting the information you’re looking for. So, when you type something into a search engine and press enter, the search engine’s server will kick into action. It will receive the request and then retrieve the relevant data.
IP Addresses Are Vital
Every machine on the internet has a unique IP address. Without one of these, it simply can’t function on the internet in any way. It stands for internet protocol address, and each one is made up of 32-bit numbers. These are presented as four octets to make them more digestible and easy to understand. When we use a website, for example, we type in a domain name. But that domain name is simple standing in for an IP address that we don’t see. And every device you use to connect to the internet also has one.
Your Computer or Tech is the Client
There are always two parties involved when a server is accessed. There is the server itself which possesses the information being requested. And then there is the client. This is the computer or system that is doing the requesting. So, when you use your computer or smartphone to access a website, that piece of equipment then becomes the client being served by the server. Different applications on a particular device can become clients too. So, when your email app connects to your email’s server, it’s the client retrieving your emails from the server.
They Can be Monitored to Enhance Performance
For companies or individuals that use servers, their performance is essential. They are providing a service to clients, their own business’s computers or customers. So, server monitoring is not something that is becoming more and more common. When people that run servers can see how they’re performing, whether it’s a large or small one, they can make changes. Being on top of the performance of their server is vital to enhancing its performance. Server monitoring tools are very easy to use and access too.
Huge Companies Use Server Farms
Big internet companies that require large numbers of servers often use server farms. These are huge centres that contain many servers that help to keep a website, for example, running correctly. One internet company that runs a server farm is Facebook. The company has a server farm that’s located in the north of Sweden. They use the arctic air to keep the servers cool and functioning. All the other big internet giants, such as Google, also use server farms to keep their websites running and active.